The energy sector is one of the six fields that, according to mapping, has resulted in the potential to significantly contribute to the development of the Albanian economy if specialized intelligently. Through the Smart Specialization Strategy (S3), the Albanian government aims to formulate a cross-sectoral strategy to identify priority areas. The purpose of this strategy is to create a competitive advantage and increase the value in the Albanian economy for the future. S3 is a strategy mandated by the European Union for its member states and candidate countries, including Albania as part of the Western Balkans agenda.